Commentary: Electric vehicles will take over Singapore. But here’s what must happen first (2022)

Commentary: Electric vehicles will take over Singapore. But here’s what must happen first (1)

Sanjay C Kuttan

SINGAPORE: It’s official.

(Video) This Is The First Ever VIETNAMESE Electric Car

Singapore has announcedambitious targets for 2040 when we plan to phase out internal combustion engine vehicles, paving the way for greater adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) in the intervening years.

Incentives to prod more drivers towards vehicles operating on cleaner energy have been announced, including extension of the Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES) to light commercial vehicles, rebates for early adoption and the revision of road taxes for qualifying vehicles.

READ: Incentives likely to encourage electric vehicle adoption in Singapore, but questions remain, say analysts

LISTEN: Singapore Budget 2020: A report card, a Heart of the Matter podcast

FILL IN THE MISSING PIECES

But the plan for these ambitious goals still has some missing pieces.

Deloitte has estimated that the global EV market will reach a tipping point by 2022 when the cost of ownership of an electric vehicle will be on par with its internal combustion engine vehicle cousin, but result in a supply gap of almost 14 million EVs in 2030 - which could thwart Singapore’s efforts.

It is also unclear whatthe zero combustible engine vehicle target will mean for hybrids, plug-in EVsand motorcycles, though the move to review the road tax for EVs and some hybrids suggest details will be forthcoming.

For now, Budget 2020 has done enough to get us moving forward towards the electrification of the private and public road transport sectors.

Crucially, it has addressed two key consumer adoption concerns identified by Deloitte’s 2018 Global Automotive Consumer Survey that governments should do something about: The need for adense national charging infrastructure and the cost premium of owning an EV.

Driving range and time to charge, which are primarily a battery technology issue, make up the other top two concerns, currently the pre-occupation of battery suppliers and research institutions all over the world including Singapore.

Commentary: Electric vehicles will take over Singapore. But here’s what must happen first (3)

Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Heng Swee Keat has set forth an audacious goal of creating 28,000 charging points, a significant infrastructure surge from the 1,600. Even over ten years, this is a demanding project timeline.

But the Government cannot do this alone and must work with private sector incumbents like SP Group, BlueSG, Shell-Greenlots, Red Dot Power, in partnership with carpark owners and operators including Wilson, Metro and building owners.

The key now is to distribute these points to ensure high utilisation rates to realise returns on investments. We should also start thinking how we can couple charging infrastructure to solar and battery systems, to reduce the dependency on gas-fuelled electrons.

READ: Commentary: Why Singapore is ripe for an electric vehicle revolution

READ: Commentary: Where are all the electric vehicle charging points?

BENCHMARKING AGAINST THE WORLD’S BELLWETHER IN ELECTRIC VEHICLES

(Video) No One is Telling You the Truth About Electric Cars, So I Have To

How do Singapore’s goals and plans match up? A look at Norway, the bellwether state for EVs, offer perspective.

Norway, the world’s largest per capita market in electric vehicles, has more than 1,500 public charging points per million population, offers some benchmarks. With over 8,500 charging points, the EV share of salesis around 30 per cent, covering 2,100 sq km of urban Norway.

In comparison, Singapore’s target is about 10 times more charging point density than Norway’s, suggesting range anxiety should be little of a concern.

Norway owes its success to both the carrot and the stick. It offered extremely generous incentives to EV buyers, and financially punished people who continue to use gas or diesel cars.

Commentary: Electric vehicles will take over Singapore. But here’s what must happen first (4)

Norway had put in place generous tax regimes that reduced the cost premium of EVs, necessary at an earlier time when electric vehicles costs were massive and choices of models were limited, compared to today.

With an abundance of clean-and-green electrons from its hydropower, its capital Oslo has even gone one step further with free charging and special vehicle access to certain roads and parking. But such moves may not be sustainable, when market and technology development forces should drive further adoption.

Furthermore, Oslo is also considering a move towards becoming car-free city which means city access and other EV related benefits could be curtailed in its effort to realise a cleaner, greener and more liveable city. Similar forces in Singapore, which have called for the pedestrianisation of Orchard Road and more, may be at play.

READ: Commentary: Car-making just doesn’t quite gel with future trends

READ: Commentary: The year e-scooters were kicked off footpaths

FOCUS ON TACKLING CONGESTION TOO

In the larger sustainability fight, while Singapore fixes her eyes on EV adoption, we must press on with tackling the scourge of traffic congestion, which continues to exact a large carbon toll.

Therefore, enhancing and electrifying the public transport system to nudge more consumers to use public transport will have a significant impact on lowering the dependency on private transport and our overallcarbon emission footprint.

EV sharing schemes, including BlueSG, has further contributed to these two objectives and could be encouraged.

Finally, where private or commercial vehicle ownership is desired or required, Singapore has put in place pragmatic policies to contain their numbers, including maintaining a high Certificate of Entitlement (COE) price, a target of zero vehicular growth, and the VES, together with new early-adoption incentives to nudge consumers to make cleaner and greener decisions.

OTHER WAYS TO QUICKEN EV ADOPTION

(Video) Elon Musk: "SELL Your Car NOW!" - Here's Why!

Commentary: Electric vehicles will take over Singapore. But here’s what must happen first (5)

Having said that, to deliver a positive impact to the environment as its preservation is an existential issue for Singapore, the speed and scale of EV penetration arecritically important.

While the schemes announced thus far addressnew purchases, we should also consider encouraging early retirement of petrol vehicles to facilitate switching to EVs.

Achieving a faster speed and scale of adoption could also involve creating a separate COE category just for “green” vehicles, recognising the future may also see fuel cells, hydrogen and biofuels as potential green solutions.

READ: Commentary: That low-carbon future for Singapore isn’t so far-fetched

This category could also have extendable five-year COEs to facilitate the adoption of newer green technology.

Commercial fleets should also be targetted more fiercely as swapping out a fleet of taxis or delivery vans will create a quick and huge impact on lowering carbon emissions.

This also means we have to up-skill technical personnel to ensure the reliability of the future electrified transport ecosystem.

GOOD TO HAVE BIG AMBITIONS

The Budget 2020 announcements around EVs isa courageous milestone because it makes the existential crisis arising from climate change real. We are putting money where our mouth is in more areas of sustainability.

The S$5 billion Coastal and Flood Protection Fund committed to adapt to rising sea levels is just a start of putting aside the S$100 billion mentioned in Prime Minister Lee’s National Day Rally in 2019.

Commentary: Electric vehicles will take over Singapore. But here’s what must happen first (6)

To meet out COP21 commitments and our Nationally Declared Contribution targets, Singapore will also need to fund a range of initiatives across the board from buildings to transport to consumer behaviour.

Budget 2020 does just that and with the right motivation – in preserving environmental sustainability and citizens’ liveability.

Having concrete numbers to give our climate action words tangible targets has signalled seriousness and will move the needle, knowing that the Government will track these targets, with detailed plans executed to ensure KPIs are met on time.

READ: Commentary: Climate action is our generation’s 1965

READ: Commentary: The revival of the digital economy – building citizen confidence as Smart Nation momentum picks up

We must also recognise that while more than 20 cities around the world has already echoed bold steps towards electrification of their private and public transport system, this announcement mayjust be one of many onthe global stage.

Yet, it is important for us who live on this island city-state with unique constraints, exacerbated by the few levers we have to pull to contribute towards the global fight against climate change.

Innovation around the charging infrastructure and its intelligent distribution, new business and financing models and an enhanced consumer experience will be key enablers for this successful transition.

Dr Sanjay C Kuttan is Chairman at the Sustainable Infrastructure Committee at Sustainable Energy Association of Singapore.

(Video) Three Days Left

Source: CNA/el

Related Topics

Budget 2020 electric vehicles climate change sustainability

Advertisement

Also worth reading

Content is loading...

Advertisement

(Video) The Contradictions of Battery Operated Vehicles | Graham Conway | TEDxSanAntonio

FAQs

What will happen if we all switch to electric cars? ›

There are 68 million multi-car homes in the US. If these households switched one of their main cars to an EV, they could collectively save $36–72 billion in annual fuel costs. Even when accounting for power plant emissions, this switch could reduce greenhouse gases by an estimated 160–320 million metric tons per year.

What is the major problem with using electric vehicles? ›

EV owners have experienced chronic problems with the display screens, exterior door lights, failing temperature sensors, mismatched paint, and seals and weatherstripping. It's not just that these problems occur, but that they occur at a higher rate than with conventional vehicles.

What is the biggest problem for adoption of electric vehicle? ›

Cost: The inability to afford an EV can be a notable barrier to adoption. Although the cost of EVs is starting to fall, EVs are generally more expensive than legacy internal combustion engine vehicles. Additionally, retrofitting a residence for home-based charging can be expensive.

Are electric cars better for the environment Singapore? ›

Taking into account their production and electricity generation that keeps them running, EVs still emit fewer greenhouse gases – 17% to 30% lower carbon emissions than driving an ICE vehicle.

What are the disadvantages of electric cars? ›

What are the downsides to electric cars?
  • Their batteries need rare metals. ...
  • Making electric cars creates more emissions. ...
  • They are only as green as their power sources. ...
  • Electric cars can be expensive to buy. ...
  • You can't drive as far in an electric car. ...
  • There aren't enough charging points.

What are the disadvantages of electric cars for the environment? ›

Indirect pollution from electric cars

While electric cars don't emit exhaust fumes, they do use batteries which can emit toxic fumes. Most electricity used to power electric vehicles is generated from non-renewable energy sources, which can have a negative impact on both our health and the environment.

Why are people against electric cars? ›

Common Reasons Drivers May Avoid EVs

The most common reasons drivers avoid EVs include fear the battery will run out of charge before reaching their destination, also known as “range anxiety,” fear of too few charging stations, long charge times, and initial higher upfront vehicle costs.

How will poor people afford electric cars? ›

California has spent more than $400m on various incentive programs to help lower-income drivers purchase zero-emission vehicles. There is the CC4A program, which offers up to $9,500 toward a down payment for an electric vehicle if the applicant turns in a vehicle older than a 2005 model.

How safe are electric cars in a crash? ›

Electric cars cause more damage in collisions than conventional cars — partly due to their incredible acceleration — and the increased weight of e-cars and trucks is a huge concern for occupants of lighter cars and will lead to increased pedestrian deaths, a Swiss insurance company announced after crash tests last ...

What is the impact of electric cars on society? ›

Increase Environmental Awareness

Electric cars are often seen environmentally friendly compared to conventional petrol or diesel cars. This is because they produce zero emissions at time of using, which helps to reduce air pollution and combat climate change.

What is the future of electric vehicles? ›

It is expected to grow from 8.1 million units to 39.21 million units by 2030. This exponential growth is being driven by various factors, including concerns for pollution.

What happens to non electric cars after 2030? ›

When will petrol cars be banned? Like diesel vehicles, the sale of all new petrol cars will also be banned from 2030. Used vehicles won't be banned from the road though, you'll still be able to buy and sell used cars that are powered by petrol and diesel after 2030.

Why are electric cars not popular in Singapore? ›

At present, there are only about 1,000 electric cars on Singapore's roads, meaning the adoption of EVs is very slow, which is attributable to inadequate infrastructure — all across the island, there are only 1,800 charging points. Is this enough for the mass adoption of EVs?

Do electric cars have a positive or negative impact on the environment? ›

Research has shown that electric cars are better for the environment. They emit fewer greenhouse gases and air pollutants than petrol or diesel cars. And this takes into account their production and electricity generation to keep them running.

Is Singapore ready for electric vehicles? ›

These charging points will be increased to 60,000 stations in nine years (2030 ). It's in our view that Singapore is not ready for mass market EVs yet.
...
Electric Car Versus Conventional Car.
Car ModelAudi e-tron ElectricMercedes-Benz GLA180
Road TaxS$3,132 annually$586 annually
Price of CarS$362,901S$146,000
4 more rows

Is car insurance more expensive for electric cars? ›

Generally, electric cars are more costly to insure than conventional vehicles. Because electric vehicles are pricier to both buy and repair, insurance providers charge their drivers more for coverage. That said, the savings you earn on gas and tax incentives might more than make up for your policy's extra cost.

How long will an electric car last? ›

Both of the mandated warranty numbers (8 years, 100,000 miles) for EV batteries far exceed the average ICE vehicle drivetrain warranty of 5 years or 60,000 miles. The average lifetime mileage of an ICE vehicle is about 133,000 miles.

Will electric cars overload the power grid? ›

Electric cars won't overwhelm the US grid anytime soon, energy and transportation experts say. EVs don't consume a lot of energy now, and it will be decades before electric cars take over fully. EVs can be charged when it's best for the grid and may even be able to store energy for the future.

Do electric cars use oil? ›

Electric vehicles are powered by a battery and an EV engine with an electric motor. There are no pistons, valves, or other moving parts that require lubrication, and therefore, EVs don't use the traditional engine oil that would help maintain those parts.

Are electric cars good for the economy? ›

5. Electric Vehicles Maintain Fuel Economy. Since electric-drive components are highly efficient, electric cars can substantially save on gasoline expenditures. The fuel economy for electric cars is calculated differently from that for traditional cars because they run entirely on electricity.

What are the positives and negatives of electric cars? ›

Electric cars pros and cons
ProsCons
You can save a lot of moneyElectric cars can be pricey
Electricity is renewableCharging can be a lengthy process
You can reduce your environmental impactYou can't go as far or as long as gas cars
You can take advantage of tax creditsFinding a station can be tough
2 more rows
1 Sept 2021

Does the government pay towards electric cars? ›

Yes, the grant will be deducted from the total price, which will reduce your monthly payments.

What is the average income of an electric car owner? ›

The average EV owner continues to be male, aged 40-55 years old, with an annual household income of more than $100,000 (2019). Mileage driven, however, has increased from 100 miles to 250 miles a week over the years. EV fleet sales are expected to grow in the upcoming years, driven by state mandates.

How much does it cost to charge an electric car? ›

Let's say you drive about 1,183 miles per month (Americans drive an average of about 14,200 miles annually). For an EV, you will use about 394 kWh in that timeframe. Using the U.S. household average from June 2022 of about 15 cents per kWh, it would cost about $59 per month to charge an electric car.

Can electric cars shock you? ›

Electric vehicles can pose dangers of fire and electric shock in motor vehicle accidents due to high voltage electricity.

What happens to electric car batteries in an accident? ›

An electric car battery is made up of hundreds of individual lithium-ion cells. When fully charged, these cells contain a huge amount of energy. If the battery is damaged following a wreck it will probably catch on fire.

What happens to an electric car after an accident? ›

If the battery or battery compartment of an electric vehicle is damaged, it can explode, if wet, or catch fire, which creates a hazardous gas.

What are 3 benefits of electric cars? ›

Advantages of Electric Vehicles
  • No fuel required so you save money on gas. Paying $0.10 per kW is the equivalent of driving on gasoline that costs less than $1 per gallon. ...
  • Environmental friendly as they do not emit pollutants. ...
  • Lower maintenance due to an efficient electric motor. ...
  • Better Performance.

How electric vehicles will affect the economy? ›

The new manufacturing activities and increase in electricity consumption are expected to generate close to 1.2 lakh jobs in 2030 with 30 per cent EV sales. On the flip side, the petroleum and automotive (ICE vehicle) sectors would lose 1.6 lakh jobs.

What is the main advantage of electric cars? ›

Electric and hybrid vehicles can have significant emissions benefits over conventional vehicles. All-electric vehicles produce zero tailpipe emissions, and PHEVs produce no tailpipe emissions when operating in all-electric mode. HEV emissions benefits vary by vehicle model and type of hybrid power system.

Why are electric cars not a solution? ›

Electric cars are not the solution

It's true that fully electric vehicles do not emit waste products but the batteries that supply energy to the vehicle are made of minerals like lithium and cobalt which have an impact on climate change.

How will electric vehicles improve in the future? ›

Beyond EVs and charging, battery technology is the next critical piece of the electrification puzzle. As EV batteries become more advanced, they can store more energy and take up less space. The result is a lighter, more spacious vehicle that can travel further on a single charge.

What Year Will all vehicles be electric? ›

Every new passenger car sold in the world will be electric by 2040, says Exxon Mobil CEO Darren Woods.

Can I still drive my petrol car after 2030? ›

Can I still drive a petrol and diesel car after 2030, and a hybrid with a "significant" zero emission range after 2035? Yes. The bans on these dates only apply to sales of new cars, and there are no current plans to outlaw the use or sale of second-hand cars based on these criteria.

Will petrol cars be worthless? ›

Even if electric cars as posed as being better, it is unlikely for petrol cars to be eradicated overnight, simply because many people will not trade in their current motor. This simple detail alone means fuel cars will remain in use for at least a few more generations.

Is it worth buying a petrol car in 2022? ›

Petrol and Diesel cars are more sustainable and 'cleaner' than they were 10 years ago, making them still a brilliant choice in 2022. Don't be overwhelmed by the new electric market coming in strong and think you are obliged to go and buy one to be more eco-friendly.

Why is EV road tax so high in Singapore? ›

A bigger engine size means a potential to have more power than your average car, hence the higher tax rates. Similarly, with electric and petrol-electric cars, the higher the power rating of your vehicle, the higher the tax.

Why did Tesla fail in Singapore? ›

Musk said in May that Tesla tried to bring its electric vehicles to Singapore but was unsuccessful because the government was “not supportive” of electric vehicles.

Are electric cars a market failure? ›

Because of this, electric vehicles can be considered an example of market failure – their benefits to society as a whole exceed those to individuals, so they're undersupplied by a free market.

What is the biggest problem with electric cars? ›

EV owners have experienced chronic problems with the display screens, exterior door lights, failing temperature sensors, mismatched paint, and seals and weatherstripping. It's not just that these problems occur, but that they occur at a higher rate than with conventional vehicles.

How do electric cars pollute the air? ›

Electric car batteries are composed of various rare earth materials. The extraction, manipulation, and disposal of such materials can contribute to carbon emissions and air and water pollution.

Can EV batteries be recycled? ›

Yes, EV battery recycling is happening in facilities around the United States. The materials recovered, including cobalt, nickel, lithium, and manganese, can be used in the manufacturing of new batteries.

Are electric cars better for the environment Singapore? ›

Taking into account their production and electricity generation that keeps them running, EVs still emit fewer greenhouse gases – 17% to 30% lower carbon emissions than driving an ICE vehicle.

Which country is most advanced in electric cars? ›

Top 10 countries with most EVs per capita
  • Norway. 81.0.
  • Iceland. 36.8.
  • Sweden. 20.6.
  • Netherlands. 10.7.
  • Germany. 8.5.
  • United Kingdom. 6.7.
  • France. 6.5.
  • United States. 5.2.
18 Mar 2022

Which country has the most electric vehicles on the road? ›

China has the largest EV market in the world, mainly due to the size of their country. There are about 2.7 million EVs in China as of December 2021, but 14% of their new car sales are plug-in electric vehicles.

Should we switch to all electric cars? ›

Fewer gas-powered cars and more EVs on the road will ultimately lead to cleaner air and a healthier environment for us all. Swapping out your gas-powered car for an electric car is a great way you can reduce your transportation emissions and help fight climate change.

How will switching to electric cars affect the economy? ›

EVs provide economic benefits to the state by reducing fuel costs and shifting consumption away from imported oil to more locally produced electricity sources. These fuel savings become additional disposable income that will be spent mostly in the local economy, creating additional jobs in the state.

Why we should switch to all electric cars? ›

All forms of electric vehicles can help improve fuel economy, lower fuel costs, and reduce emissions.

How will electric cars affect the future? ›

The increase in the number of electric vehicles on the road will reduce the demand for millions of barrels of oil in the future. Eco-friendly savings on CO2 emissions: Shifting to electric mobility will help India save nearly one giga tonne of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030.

What is the lifespan of an electric car? ›

The hundreds of gently topped-up cells inside an EV battery mean that each battery pack is expected to retain its charging-discharging capacity from 100,000 to 200,000 miles. Manufacturers are so confident of the battery's road use that most electric cars come with an extended warranty of eight years, or 100,000 miles.

Does electric cars pollute the air? ›

Myth #1: Electric vehicles are worse for the climate than gasoline cars because of the power plant emissions. FACT: Electric vehicles typically have a smaller carbon footprint than gasoline cars, even when accounting for the electricity used for charging. Electric vehicles (EVs) have no tailpipe emissions.

Why are people not switching to electric cars? ›

Cost remains a barrier

Among conventional vehicle owners who said they were not likely to switch to an electric vehicle in the next 10 years, 70% said cost was a reason, according to the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN).

What are the advantages and disadvantages of electric vehicles? ›

Pros and cons of electric cars
Pros of electric carsCons of electric cars
Electric cars are energy efficientElectric cars can't travel as far
Electric cars reduce emissions"Fueling" takes longer
Electric cars require lower maintenanceElectric cars are sometimes more expensive
6 Oct 2022

What are the pros and cons of electric vehicles? ›

Electric cars are efficient, quiet, and torque-rich. They can also be expensive, tend to be heavy, and are plagued by a limited public charging infrastructure—something we expect will get better in the coming years.

What is the impact of electric cars on society? ›

Increase Environmental Awareness

Electric cars are often seen environmentally friendly compared to conventional petrol or diesel cars. This is because they produce zero emissions at time of using, which helps to reduce air pollution and combat climate change.

Do electric cars need oil changes? ›

Any need for engine pistons, valves, and other moving parts that need to be lubricated, electric vehicle does not need regular oil changes. Electric cars use completely different drivetrains, so you will never have to worry about routine oil changes that are necessary for traditional cars.

What are 3 benefits of electric cars? ›

Advantages of Electric Vehicles
  • No fuel required so you save money on gas. Paying $0.10 per kW is the equivalent of driving on gasoline that costs less than $1 per gallon. ...
  • Environmental friendly as they do not emit pollutants. ...
  • Lower maintenance due to an efficient electric motor. ...
  • Better Performance.

How will electric cars affect gas prices? ›

The rise of electric cars may push gas prices up. However, using the fundamental economic principle as a basis, a rise in the price of a certain commodity is possible if it has a low supply but high demand. Gas prices will rise if the demand for it is higher than the supply.

Are electric cars really the future? ›

By 2035, the largest automotive markets will be fully electric—providing both a glimpse of a green future and significant economic opportunity.

What happens to non electric cars after 2030? ›

When will petrol cars be banned? Like diesel vehicles, the sale of all new petrol cars will also be banned from 2030. Used vehicles won't be banned from the road though, you'll still be able to buy and sell used cars that are powered by petrol and diesel after 2030.

Do electric cars have a future? ›

By 2040, mostly all cars sold across the world will be electric, according to forecasting by investment bank UBS. However, a Thomson Reuters report cites that despite all new car sales being electric in 2040, half of the vehicles on the road will still be petrol or diesel powered.

Videos

1. 2023 BYD Atto 3/Yuan Plus (inc. 0-100) detailed review: Why I'd buy this EV!
(CarExpert)
2. What Greta Thunberg does not understand about climate change | Jordan Peterson
(thisfooliscool)
3. Top 5 Renewable Energy Stocks to Buy in 2023
(Wealth Within)
4. Gravitas Plus: The dark side of Electric Vehicles
(WION)
5. How to drive a manual car - Driving lesson with clutch advice
(Conquer Driving)
6. Why Ticks Are So Hard To Kill
(Science Insider)

Top Articles

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Dan Stracke

Last Updated: 01/27/2023

Views: 5947

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (63 voted)

Reviews: 86% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Dan Stracke

Birthday: 1992-08-25

Address: 2253 Brown Springs, East Alla, OH 38634-0309

Phone: +398735162064

Job: Investor Government Associate

Hobby: Shopping, LARPing, Scrapbooking, Surfing, Slacklining, Dance, Glassblowing

Introduction: My name is Dan Stracke, I am a homely, gleaming, glamorous, inquisitive, homely, gorgeous, light person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.